37 Farm Bill Programs Without Budget Baseline |

37 Farm Bill Programs Without Budget Baseline

House Ag Committee Farm Bill 2013 2

U.S. House Committee on Agriculture during debate on the 2014 Farm Bill

Thirty-seven programs in the current Farm Bill with spending estimated to total $2.607 billion do not have a budget baseline after FY 2018. The reasons vary but its because the programs spend less than $50 million in last authorized year (2018) of the current Farm Bill.   According to the Congressional Research Service, “..some programs may not be assumed to continue in the budget baseline, because the program had estimated mandatory spending less than a minimum $50 million scoring threshold in the last year of the farm bill, or the Budget Committees and/or Agriculture Committees determined that mandatory spending shall not extend beyond expiration.”

With the budget for the upcoming Farm Bill reauthorization expected to be tight, the fate of these programs could be in question.  On a positive note, Congress did secure funding to keep these programs during the last farm bill.

2014 Farm Bill Programs Without a Budget Baseline After FY2018

(FY2014-FY2018 mandatory spending, millions of dollars)

Section Name of Provision Description of Funding Amount (million$)
Commodity Programs  
 
1614 Commodity Program Implementation $100 million in FY2014, plus $10 million in each of FY2014 and FY2015 subject to performance
120
Conservation  
 
2502 Grassroots Source Water Protection $5 million, available until expended
5
2503 Voluntary Public Access and Habitat Incentive $40 million for FY2014-FY2018
40
2505 Small Watershed Rehabilitation $250 million in FY2014, available until expended
250
2507 Terminal Lakes $150 million in FY2014, available until expended
150
2609 Wetlands Mitigation Banking $10 million, available until expended
10
Nutrition  
 
4004 Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations, Feasibility Study $1 million in FY2014, available until expended
1
4022 Pilot Projects to Reduce Dependency and Increase Work Requirements and Work Effort $10 million in FY2014; $190 million in FY2015
200
4025 Review of Cash Assistance Program in Puerto Rico $1 million in FY2014, available until expended
1
4029 Retail Food Store and Recipient Trafficking $15 million in FY2014, available until expended
15
4031 Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands Pilot Study: $1 million in each of FY2014, FY2015.
Pilot: $13.5 million in FY2016, $8.5 million in each of FY2017, FY2018
32 .5
4208 Food Insecurity Nutrition Incentive $35 million for FY2014-FY2015; $20 million for each of FY2016, FY2017; $25 million for FY2018
100
4214 Pilot Project for Canned, Frozen, or Dried Fruits and Vegetables $5 million
5
Rural Development  
 
6023 Rural Microentrepreneur Assistance $3 million for each of FY2014-FY2018
15
6203 Value-added Agricultural Product Market Development Grants $63 million in FY2014, available until expended
63
6210 Pending Water and Waste Disposal Applications $150 million in FY2014, available until expended
150
Research and Extension  
 
7211 Organic Agricultural Research and Extension $20 million in each of FY2014-FY2018
100
7409 Beginning Farmer and Rancher Development $20 million in each of FY2014-FY2018, available until expended
100
7601 Foundation for Food and Agriculture Research $200 million in FY2014, available until expended
200
Energy  
 
9002 Biobased Markets $3 million for each of FY2014-FY2018
15
9003 Biorefinery Assistance $100 million in FY2014, plus $50 million in each of FY2015 and FY2016, available until expended
200
9004 Repowering Assistance $12 million in FY2014, available until expended
12
9005 Bioenergy Program for Advanced Biofuels $15 million for each of FY2014-FY2018, available until expended
75
9006 Biodiesel Fuel Education $1 million for each of FY2014-FY2018
5
9008 Biomass Research and Development $3 million for each of FY2014-FY2017, available until expended
12
9010 Biomass Crop Assistance $25 million for each of FY2014-FY2018
125
Horticulture  
 
10003 Farmers’ Market and Local Food Promotion $30 million for each of FY2014-FY2018
150
10004(a) Organic Production and Market Data Initiative $5 million in FY2014, available until expended
5
10004(b) National Organic Program Technology Upgrade $5 million in FY2014, available until expended
5
10004(c) National Organic Certification Cost-share $11.5 million for each of FY2014-FY2018, available until expended
57 .5
Crop Insurance  
 
11020 Crop Insurance Implementation $14 million in FY2014, plus $14 million if targets are reached for each year FY2015-FY2018
70
11026 Index-based Weather Insurance Pilot $12.5 million for each of FY2015-2018, available until expended
50
Miscellaneous  
 
12102 Sheep Production and Marketing Grant $1.5 million in FY2014, available until expended
1 .5
12201 Outreach for Socially Disadvantaged and Veteran Producers $10 million for each of FY2014-FY2018
50
12314 Pima Cotton Trust Fund $16 million for each of FY2014-FY2018, available until expended
80
12315 Wool Apparel Manufacturers Trust Fund The lesser of $30 million per year CY2014-CY2019, or the amount determined necessary
125
12316 Wool Research and Promotion $2.25 million for each of CY2015-FY2019, available until expended
11 .25
Total 37 programs  
2,606 .75

Source: Compiled by CRS using the text of P.L. 113-79 and the CBO score of the Agricultural Act of 2014, Table 4, “Detailed Effects on Direct Spending,” January 28, 2014, https://www.cbo.gov/publication/45049.

Notes: Programs were identified from the CBO score as having budgetary outlays (from budget authority in the act) at any time during the period FY2014-FY2018 but no new budget authority beyond FY2018. The text of the act was also used to identify and verify programs without new mandatory budget authority beyond FY2018. Section 1119 (Transition Assistance for Upland Cotton) was excluded because it is considered part of the shift from repealing cotton support in Title I and continuing support in the STAX program in Title XI.


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